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The sport of MotoGP™ has its own unique vocabulary, utilising certain pieces of terminology shared with other motorsports and some specific phrases belonging to the world of motorcycle racing. Here, guides you through some of the words and phrases commonly used in MotoGP™.


The tightest point on a corner, which the rider usually rides through just before they begin to exit, accelerating away.

Braking Marker

A physical point that a rider uses to judge where they should start braking as they enter a corner. This could be a tree, advertising board, a mark on the track or any other distinguishing feature.


A section of track with two corners in close succession, turning in opposite directions. A left-hander followed by a right-hander or vice versa, which looks like an ‘S’ from a bird’s eye view.


The type of rubber / mixture of rubber used in tyres.

Curbs/Rumble Strips

Mainly painted in two colours and often featuring prominently on or just after corners, the curbs mark the sides of the race track and help to guide the riders.


The capacity or size of a bike’s engine, usually quoted in cubic centimetres (cc), for example 1000cc, 600cc or 250cc.

Dry Race

A race in which the track surface is considered to be dry by Race Direction, as opposed to wet. In a dry race teams will run slick tyres on their bikes. See Key Rules section for more details.


Dorna Sports is the company which administrates MotoGP™. See Governing Bodies section for more details.

Dirt tracking

Over the years several MotoGP™ riders from the USA, including 2006 World Champion Nicky Hayden, have had their racing background rooted in regional and national dirt track championships. The racing takes place on a dirt surface as opposed to asphalt. Recent years have seen many European riders start to train with this type of racing.


A trick which involves stopping a bike suddenly to lift the rear wheel off the ground. The opposite of a wheelie, it is sometimes also called a Stoppie.


A colloquial, phonetic reference to a chicane, owing to their often ‘S’ shaped appearances.


An outer body part of a racing bike that protects both the machinery and the rider from debris and gusts of wind. Fairings are decorated with team colours, sponsor logos and race numbers.


The Fédération Internationale de Motorcyclisme is the governing body of all motorcycle sport throughout the world. See Governing Bodies section for more details.


Throttle or acceleration. It is common to hear riders say ‘I opened the gas’, or ‘I gave it some gas’.

GP (Grand Prix)

A racing event which lasts three days, involving the three MotoGP™ classes, MotoGP™, Moto2™ and Moto3™. Grand Prix weekends consist of two days of practice and qualifying, followed by the Warm Ups and races in each class on the final day. There are currently 18 Grands Prix on the MotoGP™ calendar.


The collection of starting points on the start/finish straight on the track, where the riders gather at the beginning of each race, lining up in the positions in which they have qualified to start.


A very tight corner which has to be taken slowly and often appears U-shaped or V-shaped.

High Side

A crash in which the rear wheel of the bike slides out from under the rider - so that they are essentially at a right angle to they racing line (the direction in which a rider wants to go) - and then regains grip, which flips the bike and rider over.


Taking the hole-shot means leading the race at the first corner.


The homologation of the track and the bikes being used in MotoGP™ racing is the approval process undertaken by the FIM and their associated committees.


The International Road-Racing Teams Association represents all the Grand Prix teams. See Governing Bodies section for more details.

Low Side

Crashes whereby the rear wheel or both wheels of the bike lose grip and do not regain traction, resulting in the motorcycle slipping out from underneath the rider.

Lean angle

The lean angle refers to the degree at which a rider tilts their bike into the track as they corner at high speeds. Riders’ knees and elbows can often touch the ground at maximum lean angle.


Simply a left-hand corner, where the rider ‘turns’ left, leaning the left side of the bike and body towards the ground.


The Motorcycle Sports Manufacturers’ Association represents the interests of all the constructors involved in motorcycle racing. See Governing Bodies section for more details.


An ‘OnBoard’ is a television camera carried by a MotoGP™ bike which gives an impression of what it is like to be involved in the action on track, often abbreviated to "OB".

Parc Fermé

Designated area in pit lane where podium finishers (first three) in each category are interviewed by television crews immediately after each race.


The area behind the pit-boxes where teams and riders station their motorhomes and equipment for the duration of a Grand Prix.


A garage with access directly onto the pit lane, each one designated to a team participating in one of the three World Championship races.

Pit Crew

The team management, mechanics and their assistants.

Pit lane

An access lane which is usually directly adjacent to the main straight on the track and is used for going between the pit-boxes and the circuit.

The first three finishers in any Grand Prix race receive their trophies on the victory podium.

Pole position or pole

Refers to securing the first starting place for the race on the grid and is secured by the quickest lap in Qualifying.


On the day before the races, all three classes, MotoGP™, Moto2™ and Moto3™ have to qualify. The riders start the race in the order in which they have qualified, which is to say that the rider with the fastest qualifying time starts in first place or pole position, the second fastest in second place and so on.

Race Direction

Representatives from Dorna, the FIM and IRTA form the Race Direction team at each Grand Prix, making decisions such as declaring race conditions dry or wet.

Ride Through

A Ride Through procedure is a penalty where a rider is requested to ride through the pit lane and can be imposed if, for example, he has jump-started before the race has officially commenced.


A right-hand corner, where the rider ‘turns’ right, leaning the right side of the bike and their body towards the ground.


A rider competing in their first full year in any of the three categories of Grand Prix racing is referred to as a rookie.


Another name for the podium.


A check or inspection. Scrutineers are responsible for checking that all MotoGP™ participants abide by the technical rules.


To slipstream another rider is to follow them on a straight and use the flow of air around them and their machinery to your advantage, by building up the momentum to overtake them in the area of reduced pressure behind them.


Tyres with no tread specifically designed for use in road racing and made of a soft compound, which give just enough grip without slowing the bike down.


The rear section of the bike onto which the rear wheel is mounted is a swingarm. It moves up and down with the rear suspension.

Topping the timesheet

Refers to recording the fastest time in a practice or qualifying session.

Tyre wall

A collection of stacked tyres used as a crash barrier to reduce damage and injury on impact.

Wet Race

A race in which climatic conditions affecting the track surface are considered to be wet, as opposed to dry.


A stunt often performed in celebration by riders, in which the front wheel of the motorcycle is lifted off the ground as a result of hard acceleration and a quick release of the clutch.

Wild cards

Riders who are entered for one-off races, as opposed to regular competitors.